EIRP Proceedings, Vol 11 (2016)

Demographic Challenge - Economic and Social Aspects in Romania

Florin Dan Puscaciu, Viorica Pușcaciu, Rose-Marie Pușcaciu


This paper aims at capturing the fundamental changes recorded in the current evolution of the Romanian population and also foreshadowing of weather. The decreasing of the population in our country is a very worrying phenomenon, and that is why we believe that the topic is of interest to both academic debate and also for the country; thus is for implementing executive some emergency measures to stop this phenomenon that punctuate effects on future generations. It is true that a slowdown in population growth is registered in the entire European continent, but what is registered in Romania is much worse, even compared only with the eastern continent. In this approach we intend to study some initial traits of evolution population in Europe, detect a number of negative traits and subsequently fit the evolution of Romania's population, thus framing Romania following European evolution. An aging population is another major phenomenon, with Romania registering more than 210,000 people over 65 than young people under 14 years. This situation is due to a part of a policy of ultra restrictive and contrary to human dignity from the communist period and the changes in rural life since 1989. In order to tackle these issues we used some quantitative and qualitative methods, with the tools like: statistics, graphics and mathematics order are necessary in the measurable results, and in the development of predictions.


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