EIRP Proceedings, Vol 15, No 1 (2020)

Diplomatic, Military and Economic Actions of Romania for the Purpose of Exiting the United Nations War

Stefan Gheorghe

Abstract


Romania’s entry into war with Germany on June 22nd, 1941, would come after two years ofneutrality and non-belligerence, time when the Romanian external policy direction would be pro-German.The years 1943 - 1944 marked the turning point of the war development, the United Nations succeedingin taking the strategic initiative to the detriment of Nazi Germany and its satellites. The political andmilitary disaster that Romania was facing would require the reorientation of its external policy, aiming atbringing the country out of the war as quickly as possible and signing the armistice (Baciu, 1996, pp. 103-104; Onişoru, 1996, pp. 49-50). The considerable deterioration of the military situation on the EasternFront, would contribute to the achievement of the “united opposition”, seeking, to obtain conditions asfavorable as possible for Romania, for signing the armistice. The diplomatic action of the oppositionbenefited from the support of King Mihai, but the peace signing initiatives were carried out simultaneouslyalso by the Bucharest regime, which, through direct negotiations with the Allies, pursued the samepolitical goals.

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