EIRP Proceedings, Vol 2 (2007)


Codruta Ligia Butucescu


Romania’s integration into the European Union is an extremely complex process which has effects
upon all sectors of the Romanian Economy. Among the main principles that are at the basis of the development
of economy and the reform in the present stage, the most important position is held by the restructuring and
modernization of the Romanian industry, its reorganization and privatization with a view to ensuring a durable
economic progress. The industrial policy of Romania has in view to create a framework which can ensure the
development of a competitive industry, in accordance with the industrial structures of the European Union,
which will lead to the reduction of the gap between Romania and the other countries of the European Union.
The industry, as an important branch of the Romanian Economy, produces approximately 27% of the
national raw produce and contributes by 1,2-1,5 rate to its growth annually. The Government of Romania has
approved of the document of the Industrial Policy of Romania between 2005 and 2008, stating that it is essential
for the three basic parts of the durable development: the economic, social and environmental one, to be
interconnected and to progress harmoniously.
The main goals of the industrial policy of Romania are: the growth of competition, the growth of the
role of research, development and innovation, the promotion of a durable management of the resources and
protection of environment; the improvement of the professional training and occupation of labour.
The post-integration strategy in the industrial sector will have in view, among others, the ending of the
process of privatization of the commercial companies of the industry, the presentation of the remaining
industrial companies of the public property on the market, the promotion of the strategical cooperation of the
holding type structures and of the economic groups with a view to connecting the Romanian industry to the
process of globalization, the growth of the volume and efficiency of the export, encouraging the export of
products with a high level of processing and high added value, turning into account the geographical position of
Romania by directing the export to the neighbouring areas which can become outlets of maximum interest for
the European Union.
The most sensitive sector from the point of view of the post-integration situation is the one of the small
and middle enterprises. Thus, after the integration many of them have reduced their activity or to put an end to
their activity because they will not be able to cope with the competition from the European Union.
A challenge for these enterprises will be the growth of productivity, under the circumstances that the
average productivity of a small or medium enterprise is 19 times smaller than the European average rate.
Besides, these enterprises will fell the effect of Romania’s integration over a year from Romania’s integration in
the European Union.
The impact of Romania’s integration in the European Union upon the local industry will be felt after
two years from the moment of Romania’s joining the Union.
As a result of Romania’s joining the European Union it is likely to have the following: higher wages, a
relative diminishing of the population’s purchasing power, which will determine a stagnation of the demand for
industrial products.
The effects of the improvement of the infrastructure will be felt in the long run (3-10 years).
Following Romania’s joining the European Union the sectors which have been mostly affected are:
food industry, the industry of consumer goods and retail, the most favored sectors are those which have a great
export potential and which have low costs. Among these we mention the industry of generic medicines, the
industry of oil, the industry of cars and their components, producers of raw materials.


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